Battle Mountain Sanitarium

11 Most Endangered Historic Places

Battle Mountain Sanitarium

  • Constructed: 1907
  • Architect: Thomas Rogers Kimball
  • Location: Hot Springs, South Dakota

One of the original branches of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, the Battle Mountain Sanitarium was established by Congress in 1902 and opened to patients in 1907. Although this National Historic Landmark provides essential medical services for veterans in the area, the Department of Veterans Affairs wants to shutter it and construct a new facility 60 miles away. Not only would this place the future of this remarkable campus at risk, it would severely impact the town of Hot Springs, where the medical center is the single largest employer.

The National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, established in 1865, was the precursor to the Department of Veterans Affairs. Battle Mountain Sanitarium, its only branch designed solely as a medical facility, is one of more than 1,700 historic properties managed by the V.A., and one of only a few that retain enough integrity for National Historic Landmark designation. The V.A. is proving to be a poor steward of the prized sandstone buildings at the Battle Mountain Sanitarium and has already proven to be a poor steward of other V.A. historic sites across the country, deferring maintenance and disregarding the regulations that require compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act.

Campaign Goals

  • Prevent the closure of the Hot Springs V.A. Medical Center at Battle Mountain Sanitarium
  • Secure federal dollars for the rehabilitation of Battle Mountain Sanitarium, and make certain the sanitarium continues to serve as a V.A. facility


Save a thriving, historic V.A. medical facility from closure and abandonment.

Support our work to save places that matter.

Donate Now

Now accepting nominations for the 2023 list of America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places! Letters of Intent are due November 4, 2022.

Learn More