Vizcaya Museum and Gardens
An astonishing combination and adaptation of European traditions and a Miami setting, Vizcaya is an American gem. International Harvester Vice President James Deering modeled his winter home after a centuries-old Italian villa. He hired three relatively inexperienced designers to create the house and surrounding estate: Paul Chaflin, Francis Burrall Hoffman Jr., and Diego Suarez. Originally consisting of 180 acres, the planning and construction of Vizcaya took over a decade, lasting from 1910 until 1922. Deering wintered at Vizcaya from 1916, when the main house was completed, until his death in 1925. in 1952, Deering's nieces, Barbara Deering Danielson and Marion Deering McCormick, gave the estate to Dade County and it opened as an art museum the following year.
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