January 16, 2023

35 Historic Black Churches Receive $4 Million Investment

For generations, historic Black churches have sat at the center of meaningful progress and reform in America. To honor and protect this legacy, the National Trust's African American Cultural Heritage Action Fund has invested $4 million in grants to 35 historic Black churches across the United States that represent the institution's impact on American society.

The first round of the Preserving Black Churches grant program enables grantees not only to address real and urgent preservation threats such as deferred maintenance and demolition, but also strengthens their ability to steward, interpret, and fund these invaluable places and the people they serve.

This Action Fund gift—its largest to date—helps ensure that historic Black Churches continue to drive change in our society. Learn more about the 2023 grantees below and find the full press release here.

Endowment & Financial Sustainability

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, Inc., Birmingham, Alabama
Historic American Buildings Survey

16th Street Baptist Church, Inc.
Birmingham, Alabama

Internationally recognized for its role in advancing civil rights in the United States with buildings designed by African American architect Wallace Rayfield, the 16th Street Baptist Church has strategically planned for the restoration of the historic church and parsonage for several years now. This grant will establish a new endowment that supports the long-term maintenance and restoration of the 16th Street Baptist Church’s historic assets in the future.

First Immanuel Lutheran Church of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Carol-Ann Emmons

First Immanuel Lutheran Church Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

In service to Chicago's West Side for more than 160 years, First Immanuel Lutheran Church offers worship opportunities, pastoral care, and a base of operations for many community organizations. This grant will help First Immanuel Lutheran Church grow its existing endowment to maintain their physical spaces for future generations.

Mother A.M.E Zion Church, New York, New York
Mother AME Zion Church

Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
New York, New York

With the congregation's origins dating to 1774, Mother AME Zion Church—operating today in a building designed by African American architect George Washington Foster, Jr.—is a center of community activity in New York City's Harlem neighborhood. This grant will seed investment for a new endowment to help the church congregation set a more sustainable funding model for the future preservation of its landmark.

Organizational Capacity Building

Cory United Methodist Church, Cleveland, Ohio
Gregory Wilson

Cory United Methodist Church
Cleveland, Ohio

Architecturally notable for its design, scale, and origin as a synagogue, Cory United Methodist Church is a powerhouse in Cleveland’s civil rights history, having hosted scholar Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois, attorney Thurgood Marshall, and activists Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. It remains a neighborhood anchor for religious and community programs. This grant will help Cory United Methodist Church hire its first director of preservation to lead the building's restoration efforts and continue its legacy as an active church and transformative community landmark.

Basilica of St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception, Norfolk, Virginia
Basilica of St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception

Basilica of St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception
Norfolk, Virginia

Built by free Black and enslaved people, the Basilica of St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception is one of the only basilicas in the United States with a predominately Black congregation. This grant will help the Basilica congregation hire senior preservation staff to implement its preservation plan, which will help the church remain an active presence during a time of neighborhood change and racial displacement within the broader community.

Capital Projects

Leake Temple AME Zion Church, Anchorage, Alaska
Sandra Black

Leake Temple African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
Anchorage, Alaska

For 50 years, Leake Temple AME Zion Church has provided invaluable resources and support to Anchorage’s Mountain View neighborhood, one of the most diverse in the United States. This grant will fund the church congregation’s work to replace the roof of its sanctuary, helping to continue their legacy of religion and community service.

Old Ship AME Zion Church, Montgomery , Alabama
Jarob Ortiz

Old Ship African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
Montgomery, Alabama

Dating from 1852, Old Ship AME Zion Church is the oldest Black congregation in Montgomery. It has hosted luminaries such as Frederick Douglass and U.S. presidents and was instrumental to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The grant will be used to repair and restore the building exteriors and roof, helping this nationally significant site safely continue its operations and remain a center for religious, cultural, and educational life in its community.

Congregational Church of Christian Fellowship, Los Angeles, California
Sihonn Dixon

Congregational Church of Christian Fellowship
Los Angeles, California

A community pillar for more than 80 years, the Congregational Church of Christian Fellowship stands out along the LA-10 Freeway thanks to its colorful steeple, now severely leaning. By enabling the tower's repair, this grant will also help preserve the local landmark's history of civil rights activism, religion, and faith.

Old Mount Carmel Baptist Church, Gainesville, Florida
Gerard Duncan

Old Mount Carmel Baptist Church (Pleasant Street Civil Rights and Cultural Arts Center)
Gainesville, Florida

The Old Mount Carmel Baptist Church stands at the heart of the Pleasant Street Historic District, the first neighborhood of African American homeowners established in Gainesville, Florida. The grant will combat water damage by replacing the building’s roof and protecting the building envelope, helping the institution continue its religious mission and serving a broader network of local nonprofit organizations in the historic space.

First Bryan Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia
First Bryan Baptist Church

First Bryan Baptist Church
Savannah, Georgia

Considered one of the oldest African American Baptist churches in the United States, First Bryan Baptist Church has been in continuous service for 234 years. The grant will fund multiple restoration projects to include roofing, plaster, and stained-glass windows that will enable the building to witness another two centuries of American history.

Centerville Second Baptist Church, Centerville, Iowa
Natalie Close

Centerville Second Baptist Church (Historic Preservation Corporation)
Centerville, Iowa

When the former congregation dissolved in 1992, a group of women and U.S. veterans banded together to save the deteriorating building where famous opera singer Simon Estes sang in the choir as a child. This grant will stabilize and rehabilitate the building to better preserve and interpret its layered history.

Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church, Chicago, Illinois
Frederick J. Nachman

Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church
Chicago, Illinois

Originally built as a synagogue in 1899 by architect Dankmar Adler, Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church is notable both for its architectural history and its role in the creation of modern gospel music, establishing the careers of legendary singers such as Mahalia Jackson. The congregation will use the grant to accelerate the facade renovations and roof repair for its Classical Revival-style main building.

Burk's Chapel AME Church, Kentucky

Burks Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church
Paducah, Kentucky

Burks Chapel has a long history of opening its doors to all those in need, including creating the area's first Black school in the late 1800s. This grant will fund critical repairs to the failing and fragile church steeples and towers, making the building a safer place to worship, while also preserving one of the city's oldest religious sites.

Holy Aid and Comfort Spiritual Church, New Orleans, Louisiana
N. Lott, PRC

Holy Aid and Comfort Spiritual Church
New Orleans, Louisiana

When Hurricane Ida displaced the Holy Aid and Comfort Spiritual Church in 2021, the congregation feared they would lose 140 years of Black history amid New Orleans' gentrifying 7th Ward. Their church building is the historic Perseverance Hall where jazz has its roots in the city. The grant will help the church rebuild its structure and continue offering stability and support for its most vulnerable and dedicated community members.

Macedonia Missionary Baptist Church, Nelsonville, Ohio
David Brook

Macedonia Missionary Baptist Church (Foundation for Appalachian Ohio)
Nelsonville, Ohio

Built in 1849 with the help of recently freed enslaved people, the Macedonia Missionary Baptist Church was the first Black Church not just in Ohio, but west of the Alleghenies/Appalachians. This grant will help to save the vacant National Historic Landmark from collapse, stabilize, and restore the only extant antebellum Black church in the state, and support its rebirth as a historic site and community center.
The First African Baptist Church, Beaufort, South Carolina
The First African Baptist Church

The First African Baptist Church
Beaufort, South Carolina

Constructed by freedmen in 1865 with an active congregation since 1863 that included Civil War hero and Reconstruction Era Congressman Robert Smalls, First African Baptist Church is facing wood rot and termite damage to its original structure. The church will use the grant to repair and protect the girders, floor, shutters, and other fabric, ensuring the church's use for worship and tourism as part of the Reconstruction Era National Historic Network.

Reedy Chapel AME Church, Galveston, Texas
Sharon B. Gillins

Reedy Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church
Galveston, Texas

As the first and oldest AME church in Texas, Reedy Chapel was one of the first places where General Order No. 3 was read, declaring the emancipation of enslaved persons in the state—an event now commemorated nationally as Juneteenth. The church will use the grant to restore its masonry, stucco, and stained-glass windows, improving its climate resilience and helping continue its traditions of gathering and celebrating for another 174 years.

Ebenezer AME Zion, Seattle, Washington
Pastor Lamont Duane Brown

Ebenezer African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
Seattle, Washington

Located in the heart of a historically Black neighborhood in Seattle, Ebenezer AME Zion Church—one of the few remaining buildings standing in the recently gentrified area—continues to act as a hub for its local Black community. The grant will enable critical safety repairs and improve accessibility so that all people will feel welcome and included at the church for years to come.

First Missionary Baptist Church of Haynesville, Inc., Haynesville, Alabama
First Baptist Church of Haynesville, Inc.

First Missionary Baptist Church
Hayneville, Alabama

With deep roots in the Civil Rights Movement, First Missionary Baptist Church was a vital launch pad for political activism and organizing in Lowndes County and for its association to the original Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. The church will use the grant to conduct major repairs to the historic building and retain its prominent place as a community anchor.

Manzanola United Methodist Church, Manzanola, Colorado
Jane Daniels

Manzanola United Methodist Church
Manzanola, Colorado

In 1915, 50 Black homestead families arrived in Manzanola to form what would be only one of two Black rural agricultural settlements in Colorado—a legacy maintained today by local landmark Manzanola United Methodist Church. The church will use the grant to rehabilitate its exterior and reactivate its spaces for the local community.

St. Rita Catholic Church, Indianapolis, Indiana
Caleb Legg

St. Rita Catholic Church
Indianapolis, Indiana

As the mother church for Indianapolis' Black Catholic community, St. Rita Catholic Church has been serving the city's African American residents since 1919. The church will use its grant to fix the bell tower and repair the main structure's masonry, helping keep the historic landmark open and inclusive to all.

Scotland African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Potomac, Maryland
Scotland African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church

Scotland African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
Potomac, Maryland

Scotland AME Zion Church has a rich history of advocacy and education in its community, delving into current issues such as affordable housing, public health, and climate change. As water infiltration has rendered the church unusable, this grant will fund critical restoration work to help the congregation re-occupy the building and continue as a symbol of the Black community’s resilience.

Wesley Temple AME Zion Church, Akron, Ohio
Paul Hardy

Wesley Temple African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
Akron, Ohio

Wesley Temple AME Zion Church, Akron's oldest Black congregation, was established in 1864 and dedicated its current church building in 1928. The church will use the grant to replace the roof and repair the chimney. Now this long-time nucleus for the Black community's religious, cultural, and civic activity will be preserved to its original beauty.

Halltown Memorial Chapel, Halltown, West Virginia
Pang Tubhirun

Halltown Memorial Chapel (Halltown Memorial Chapel Association)
Halltown, West Virginia

A unique example of stone religious architecture in West Virginia, Halltown Memorial Chapel was constructed in 1901 by African American volunteer carpenters and stone masons living in Jefferson County. The community will use the grant to restore the Chapel to its original condition, open it for community events, and help spur Halltown's revitalization.

St. Stephen AME Church, Wilmington, North Carolina
Phillip. E. Brown

St. Stephen African Methodist Episcopal Church
Wilmington, North Carolina

The St. Stephen AME Church symbolizes the heritage of free Black people who stood without reservation to worship freely and openly as they also contributed to the broader community. The congregation will use the grant to repair and restore the church's 60 stained-glass windows, which will help maintain the sanctuary's original design from the 1880s.

Ebenezer Methodist Church, Townsend, Delaware
Ebenezer Methodist Church

Ebenezer Methodist Church (Lee Haven United Methodist Church)
Townsend, Delaware

Ebenezer Methodist Church historically served as both a church and a "Colored School" where ancestors of the present-day Lee Haven United Methodist Church community worshipped and attended. This grant will help the Lee Haven congregation stabilize the old church and prevent its demolition, making it available to another generation as a visible representation of Black religious, educational, and social history in Delaware.

Brown Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Pawsburgh Photography

Brown Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

The oldest historical church still standing and operating in Pittsburgh's Northside neighborhood, Brown Chapel AME Church offers a safe, welcoming, and supportive space for the community to gather. The church will use the grant to restore its deteriorating stained-glass windows and frames, helping Brown Chapel continue to advance its mission of religion and service.

Chubb Chapel United Methodist Church, Cave Spring, Georgia
Clemmie Whatley

Chubb Chapel United Methodist Church
Cave Spring, Georgia

Using their own construction techniques, the free Black Chubb family established and built Chubb Chapel circa 1870, which is today the only building remaining from the original Chubbtown settlement. The grant will help preserve deteriorating features such as the bell tower and help keep Chubbtown's history alive for new generations.

Historic Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church, Notasulga, Alabama
Reverend John Pink

Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church
Notasulga, Alabama

Designed and built by church members in 1919, Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church intersected with national history when some of its members were recruited to participate in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. This grant will help Shiloh assess and repair the building to ensure parishioners' safety without compromising the original building's aesthetics.

Mount Zion United Methodist Church, Belton, Texas
City of Belton Staff Paul Romer, Jo-Ell Guzman, and Tina Moore

Mount Zion United Methodist Church
Belton, Texas

A significant part of its community over multiple generations, Mount Zion United Methodist Church reflects the legacy, oral traditions, and stories of Belton's African American community. The City of Belton will use the grant to restore the church as much as possible to its original 1893 condition and support the local economy by making the site an interpretive destination.

Varick Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Brooklyn, New York
BOLT Architecture

Varick Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
Brooklyn, New York

As the oldest continuous Black congregation in Brooklyn, Varick Memorial AME Zion Church boasts more than two centuries of history, impact, and heritage, yet the building has been uninhabitable since 2020. This grant will support critical restoration for the building's envelope, making it accessible once more to the active congregation and helping the church revive its high-impact community programs.

Project Planning

Old Sardis Baptist Church, Birmingham, Alabama
Old Sardis Baptist Church

Old Sardis Baptist Church (Old Sardis Revitalization Community Development Corporation)
Birmingham, Alabama

One of the first Black architects in the United States, Wallace A. Rayfield designed Birmingham's Old Sardis Baptist Church, which later became the birthplace of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. The grant will fund a historic structures report to help guide future restoration efforts at this active house of worship and community hub.

Euclid Avenue Christian Church (East Mount Zion Baptist Church), Cleveland, Ohio
Elizabeth Corbin Murphy

Euclid Avenue Christian Church (East Mount Zion Baptist Church)
Cleveland, Ohio

East Mount Zion Baptist Church worships in a National Register-designated historic Black church building, Euclid Avenue Christian Church, whose interior boasts architectural, cultural, and historic significance. This grant will support the church’s capital campaign feasibility study and rehabilitation plan, further strengthening its multi-year, multi-million-dollar preservation project.

Lane College, Jackson, Tennessee
Earnest Mitchell

The Lighthouse at Lane College
Jackson, Tennessee

Built in 1923 as the St. Paul CME Church, the building now known as the Lighthouse had been central to HBCU Lane College's campus life for decades until it closed in 2014. This grant will help Lane College develop a plan for preserving the building and reopening it as a performing arts center.

Programming & Interpretation

Roberts Chapel Church and Burial Association, Noblesville, Indiana
John Richard

Roberts Chapel Church & Burial Association
Noblesville, Indiana

Roberts Settlement and its historic chapel offer a strong example of a Black historic settlement whose existing historic assets help tell an often-overlooked story. The grant will enable Roberts Chapel Church & Burial Association to create an interpretive outdoor public exhibit that centers the pioneers' legacy and broadens visitors’ understanding of the Midwest's diverse history.

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The National Trust for Historic Preservation, a privately funded nonprofit organization, works to save America’s historic places. Savingplaces.org

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