June 20, 2018

Where it All Started: Remembering Nina Simone's North Carolina

The National Trust's newest National Treasure, Nina Simone's childhood home, is one of the few existing places tied to the musician and activist before she became famous for her diverse repertoire and strong belief in civil rights. In 2017, four artists—Adam Pendleton, Rashid Johnson, Ellen Gallagher, and Julie Mehretu—purchased the house in Tryon, North Carolina, and will be working with the National Trust and other partners to preserve this part of Simone's early life and bring her international legacy back home, to where she was known as Eunice Kathleen Waymon, daughter to a Methodist minister and the owner of a dry cleaning business.

Raised in the small clapboard house in Tryon, North Carolina, Waymon began playing the piano informally as a toddler. Her parents and the community recognized her obvious talent, and she was soon performing in church and taking proper lessons with a local teacher.

By 1954, after studying briefly at the Julliard, a young Eunice Waymon was a piano teacher herself, giving lessons in Philadelphia. After learning from some of her students that they had earned lucrative summer jobs playing in Atlantic City (which was then segregated), Waymon was hired at the Midtown Bar and Grill on Pacific Avenue. She had never played in a bar before, and, worried that her mother would be displeased, changed her name to Nina Simone. It was an average bar, unassuming, and after playing the piano a few hours, Simone's boss informed her she needed to sing.

Nina Simone, aged 8, sits in the yard outside of her childhood home in Tryon.

photo by: The Nina Simone Project

A young Nina Simone (then Eunice Waymon), age 8.

Waymon had grown up singing biblical tunes, but racial unrest throughout the country affected her deeply, and her later performances reflect both her anger and fearlessness. Through the 1950s and into the '60s, Simone cultivated her musical style, which combined jazz and blues and classical undertones. She performed in places like the popular Village Gate in Greenwich Village; Carnegie Hall, where she gave her first solo concert in 1963; Detroit in 1967, two weeks after a devastating riot; Harlem in 1969; and even on the tenement stoop of the Sesame Street set.

Simone's personality, tinted by her experiences with racial injustice and personal troubles, was larger than life. She passed away in 2003, but her songs have experienced a recent resurgence. Musicians continue to cover her popular hits, and now, thanks to the dedication of four artists, the preservation of her home in Tryon will preserve her legacy from its beginning.

Meghan White Headshot

Meghan White is a historic preservationist and a former assistant editor for Preservation magazine. She has a penchant for historic stables, absorbing stories of the past, and one day rehabilitating a Charleston single house.

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