Architectural Traditions: A Virtual Tour of Three National Trust Historic Sites
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We hope you have been enjoying our virtual tours of National Trust Historic Sites. Taken together as a portfolio, our 27 historic sites help tell the full American story, and the places we visit today represent the architectural grandeur of homes built by the captains of industry and finance from the Colonial times through the Progressive Era.
First on tour is Cliveden. Constructed in Philadelphia between 1763 and 1767, it represents the earliest history of the United States as a nation. The home was occupied by the Chew family during a time of exploration, revolution, and establishing a new nation. It is important to note that much of the Chew family wealth created and sustained during the 18th and 19th centuries was founded on investments directly or indirectly connected to slavery.
Cliveden remained the Chew family home until 1972, when the National Trust became steward of the property.
Next up, we visit Lyndhurst, a Gothic Revival “castle” in Tarrytown, New York, built some 70 years after Cliveden. Lyndhurst was home first to New York city mayor William Paulding, then New York merchant George Merritt, and and finally railroad magnate Jay Gould.The home represents America’s growing economic strength during the Industrial Age.
And for the last site we'll visit as part of our Architectural Traditions tour, let's check out Lyndhurst's neighbor, Kykuit, just three miles away. This home was completed in 1913 for businessman and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, during what is now known as America’s Progressive Era—a time when people were reacting to the problems caused by industrialization through social activism and political reform.
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